Creative destruction is no fun if it is your livelihood or beloved newspaper that is being destroyed. But research has convinced that journalism is being adapted, rethought and reconstructed in thousands of ways in far more places than can easily be grasped.
In short, there is enough experiment in train to be optimistic that economic sustainability will be found even if the experiments have a high failure rate.
In open societies, this takes the form of new communities of interest, new market players, new suppliers of news.
Even in some closed societies, information can often flow down different routes in informal, unpredictable ways.
Some of those new flows are – or may become – journalism.